International Trade Agreements And Local Government A Guide For Canadian Municipalities
All entries received are used to create a preliminary assessment. It is essentially a synthesis of trade and investment relations and the identification of interests and concerns in key areas. Canada concludes negotiations on trade agreements for a wide range of reasons, such as. Open foreign markets to Canadian products, services and investments; Ensure that access to these markets is predictable and secure; Strengthening economic and political relations with other countries; Expand the scope of existing agreements to further liberalize trade and investment opportunities; and strengthen economic and political ties with other countries. Negotiations can take place on several fronts at the same time, including bilateral and multilateral agreements. While the specific centre of gravity and objectives may vary in a given negotiation, there is always a general goal: to pursue the Canadian interest. Expanding trade is essential to Canada`s economic growth and prosperity. Almost all Canadian municipalities (and other forms of local government) are listed in Schedule 19-2 under their respective provinces or territories. SOEs, including utilities, are listed in Schedule 19-3, Section A. 2, in the provinces and territories. Another basic commitment is the internal treatment (NT), set in 1948 in Article III of the GATT. With respect to trade in goods, this obligation essentially means that Canada must treat locally imported and produced goods in the same way. Similarly, Canada must treat foreign and local services “like” in the same way.
With respect to foreign companies operating in Canada, Canada generally has to treat these companies as favourable as it accepts in similar circumstances. In June 2010, Prime Minister Harper asked Canadian provinces to amend their procurement laws to allow U.S. suppliers of goods and services to benefit from the government`s NAFTA procurement provisions.  It is not clear to what extent provincial public procurement is closed to U.S. businesses, given that many provincial and municipal restrictions are in the form of policies or are included in individual tenders rather than in written legislation. In June 2010, the Federation of Canadian Municipal Women voted by 189 to 175 to ban offers from companies whose countries impose trade restrictions on Canada.  This was a non-binding resolution, but it shows that many Canadian municipalities have felt that Canadian companies would have been allowed to provide GOODS and services funded by the ARRP, while Canadian provinces are not registered with the PGA and NAFTA does not cover sub-central units or subsidies to sub-central entities by national governments.