Sindhu River Agreement With Pakistan
The growing number of multi-purpose hydroelectric projects on IRS rivers to efficiently manage available water and generate electricity has become a hotbed of tension, as both India and Pakistan surround each other with projects. The Issue of the Salal Dam emerged in 1970 and was resolved by both countries in 1978. The treaty provides for a mechanism for cooperation and exchange of information between the two countries on the use of rivers, the Permanent Industrial Commission, which has a commissioner from each country. The treaty also provides for different procedures to deal with the issues that may arise: the “questions” are dealt with by the Commission; “Differences” must be resolved by a neutral expert; and “litigation” is referred to a seven-member arbitration tribunal called the “arbitration tribunal.” As a signatory to the treaty, the role of the World Bank is limited and procedural. In particular, with respect to “differences” and “disputes,” their role is limited to appointing persons who perform certain roles when they are required by one or both parties. The basis of all the obstacles mentioned above is the absence of institutions that could cooperate to meet regional challenges and build confidence in the neighbouring countries. Our proposed TF structure will address these issues by creating a method of conflict resolution through dialogue between the neighbouring countries, followed by the involvement of the international supervisor in case the conflict is not resolved. However, the proposed joint action plan requires that certain conditions be met for its strategic implementation. First, stakeholders must establish an internal mechanism for real-time monitoring of streams along the length of cross-border rivers. The other conditions are (1) the real-time release of flow data with the parties concerned; (2) a research wing to determine the impact of climate change on river flows; (3) a governing body for monitoring the research building and the data collection mechanism; (4) a joint forum in which officials from all riparian countries make a decision on the conflict; and (5) an international guarantor of treaty monitoring. Brochmann, M.
Hensel, P. R. Peaceful management of international river claims. Int. Negotiation 14, 393-418 (2009). In the days when most of these water contracts were signed, the term “climate change” was outrageous. On the other hand, climate change is now considered the strongest threat to the sustainability of the world`s water resources. Indeed, in some regions. B, rivers are already affected by climate change (e.g., the Indus River and the Colorado River).
7.8 Among the watersheds concerned, documented in the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) report, the Indus Basin is in the area most affected by climate change.9,10 India and Pakistan share most of the basin`s undue water resources under a treaty. , which is known as undue contract on water. As the World Bank is the guarantor, the treaty survived three wars after its signing, rapid decolonization and disproportionate geographical development. However, climate change is rapidly changing the balance.11 Indus River flow data between 1962 and 2014 showed a 5% decrease in flows.12 That threatens climate change-related problems can reduce unduly flows by 30-40% in the future.13 The picture becomes very worrying as soon as this is combined with the fact that the region`s population is increasing. Population growth will put increased pressure on the basin`s water resources, which could have serious negative impacts on regional peace. Over the past decade, a number of water-related conflicts between the two countries have been raised as a turning point for the obvious consequences that the Indian Prime Minister (PM) recently promised in his speech to farmers in Indian Punjab to unilaterally end the treaty.14 In a strong rebuttal, Pakistan characterized the unilateral revocation of inland navigation as an act of war.